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The authority of science
Cosmologist Sean Carroll garnered considerable buzz recently with his contribution to the Blackwell Companion to Science and Christianity. Launching off of an interview with Carroll, LiveScience made a big splash with the headline: “Will Science Someday Rule Out the Possibility of God?”
A few days later, an AP story mined societal anxiety about growing fraud in science. And in the year-end issue of my local university campus newspaper, the science columnist made an earnest and zealous attempt to distinguish scientific “education” from religious “indoctrination.”
Examining the language and underlying assumptions in popular science writing reveals an often narrow and uncritical school of thought that has an outsized, unwarranted, and perilous grip on our culture.
Let’s start with the LiveScience article on Sean Carroll. If we take it seriously, and try to discern from its own contents whether science will “rule out the possibility of God,” we’ll be disappointed to find only an abundance of ungrounded suppositions and a string of logical fallacies.
The surest presupposition that pops up is a philosophical hard naturalism or materialism. It is simply assumed that the natural world or matter/energy are all that is. Accordingly, only “domains of science” are considered serious fields of inquiry. “Theologians,” to say nothing of philosophers, are cast as attempting to “seize upon” as yet-unanswered sticky points and rhetorical flips.
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A deeply rational theist like William Lane Craig–a cosmological rock star of sorts–couldn’t get billing in a pop science piece like this. To do so would turn off those readers who’ve placed faith in science’s ability–given enough time–to answer everything; a faith in science-of-the-gaps if you will.
Folks like Carroll and LiveScience offer succor for those who hope to ignore any kind of truth that is not empirically derived. But there are non-empirical truths each of us take for granted everyday. There are properly basic beliefs, such as the belief that one did not spontaneously come into being five minutes ago with memories implanted to give the false impression of living prior to that time.
And individuals have faculties beyond the senses. The faculty of morality comprehends objective moral truths, and the faculty of reason allows one to know “A” is not identical to “not A.” These ways of knowing reside entirely outside the “domain of science”…
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