by Jack Wellman
Do Universal Morals Reflect a Universal Moral Lawgiver?
C.S. Lewis, a former atheist, plainly says, 'If the solar system was brought about by an accidental collision, then the appearance of organic life on this planet was also an accident, and the whole evolution of Man was an accident too. If so, then all our present thoughts are mere accidents-the accidental by-product of the movement of atoms. And this holds for the thoughts of the materialists and astronomers as well as for anyone else's. But if their thoughts-i.e. of materialism and astronomy-are merely accidental by-products, why should we believe them to be true? I see no reason for believing that one accident should be able to give me a correct account of all the other accidents. It's like expecting that the accidental shape taken by the splash when you upset a milk jug should give you a correct account of how the jug was made and why it was upset.'
The "Moral Argument" for C. S. Lewis is as follows:
1. If God does not exist, objective moral values & duties do not exist.
2.) Objective moral values & duties do exist.
3.) Therefore, God exists.
Now this is a logical reason, since 3 follows necessarily if premises 1 and 2 are true. Premise 2 seems intuitively obvious to most people. Mass murdering is unequivocally, objectively wrong. Killing innocent children, torturing animals are all objectively wrong to most people. This is a universal moral. These morals exist universally, worldwide. So if anyone denies premise 2, they don't need an argument, they need help.
The evolutionary explanation strips morality from humans and reduces it to mere descriptions of animal behavior or conduct, a simple physiochemical reaction of the brain's cognitive functions. Darwinists can only explain past conduct...past behavior. It cannot inform or predict a human's future behavior. It only serves to reduce morality to mere descriptions of behavior, which involve both motive and intent. Both of these behaviors are nonphysical elements that cannot, even in principle, evolve in a Darwinian sense. So where do morals come from? Why do they seem to apply only to human beings? Are they the product of chance? What world view makes sense out of morality? Why are babies born with what developmental psychologists call an intrinsic compassion (one baby cry's in the nursery, and the others join in).
Lady Justice (Justitia, the Roman Goddess of Justice is equivalent to the Greek Goddess Dike, & is an allegorical personification of the moral force in judicial systems. So even the court systems are based upon a moral force that is believed to be already established and embedded within human societies.
Moral laws suggest a moral Lawgiver; one who communicates through higher, moral principles and laws. For example, most people would not murder someone. They deem this to be morally wrong. Most people expect imperatives to be obeyed or certain consequences occur. Danish philosopher Soren Kierkegaard pointed out that a person could not have anything on his conscience if God did not exist…
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