by Kenneth Samples
Nine Methods for Testing a Worldview:
1. Coherence Test: Is a particular worldview logically consistent?
An acceptable worldview will avoid “self-stultification,” but will have component parts that hang together as a coherent whole.
2. Mean Test: Is the worldview balanced between complexity and simplicity?
An acceptable worldview will be neither too simple (reductive fallacy) nor too complex (Ockham’s Razor). All things being equal, the simplest, most economical, and yet fully orbed worldview is to be preferred.
3. Explanatory Power and Scope Test: How well does a worldview explain reality (power), and how complete is the evidence in support of the view (scope)?
An acceptable worldview will explain reality and offer a breadth of evidence in support of its conclusions.
4. Correspondence Test: Does a particular worldview correspond with well-established, empirical facts?
An acceptable worldview will match with the observed world…
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