Evidence for the Exodus

by John Hellstedt

The second lesson in the new TrueU DVD series “Is the Bible Reliable?” offers a fascinating argument from evidence we have that supports the Biblicl record of Israel’s slavery in Egypt, the Exodus and wanderings for 40 years, and the conquest of Canaan, all about the time the Biblical timeline would indicate.

Steve Meyer, the instructor, offers the argument for three minimal facts:

  • Israel slaves in Goshen before 1446 BC, before Biblical date for Exodus. 
  • Israel arrival in Canaan about 1400 BC. 
  • Israel wandered from Egypt to Canaan about time of the Exodus

While the Exodus isn’t mentioned specifically in archaeological evidence, this collection of facts is specific enough and matches the Biblical record in a number of ways that the historicity of the Biblical account is a justified conclusion.  His argument is one of specified complexity.  A number of pieces of evidence correspond with the Biblical details, which adds up to a reasonable argument.  Here’s the evidence he cites:

Artifactual Evidence for Israel in Goshen Prior to 1400 BC

(Note:  The name Asiatic was a general term used by the Egyptians to refer to residents of nations east of Egypt.)

  • Style of architecture common in Northern Canaan after 1400 BC when Israel resided there, a style not Egyptian, dating to Joseph’s time
  • Large Asiatic statue
  • Tombs with Asiatic weapons
  • Canaannite pottery dating to Middle Bronze era
  • Ceremonial artifacts of Asiatic style


Stand to Reason Blog: Evidence for the Exodus

The Poached Egg Apologetics

RECOMMENDED RESOURCES:   The Archaeological Study Bible: An Illustrated Walk Through Biblical History and Culture / The Stones Cry Out: What Archaeology Reveals About the Truth of the Bible / More apologetics resources >>>