Is God Provable?

by Aaron Van Voorhis

Infinite Uncertainty

It wasn’t too long ago that the atom’s protons, neutrons and electrons were considered the smallest building blocks of the universe. But discoveries in quantum physics have revealed innumerable different kinds of sub-atomic particles. In fact, the tiniest particles can appear like a wave of energy and then reappear like matter again. The boundary between energy and matter can be blurred at these levels (which sounds closer to theology than science). Likewise, cells in Darwin’s time were thought initially to be simple jello-like structures with no significant complexity. But over the last century biologists have discovered a world of complex molecular machines in common cells. It would be naïve to believe this is as complex as it gets. The universe is fundamentally an uncertain and strange place. In 1927, Werner Heisenberg introduced the uncertainty principle and shocked the scientific world. The uncertainty principle, along with the field of quantum physics, reveals a universe that is unknowable and unpredictable in its elementary foundations. Heisenberg’s colleague, Niels Bohr said, If you think you understand quantum mechanics, you have not understood quantum mechanics. Therefore, if you think you understand reality, you have not understood reality. Quantum theory suggests that all matter is in motion and is not absolutely predictable at these small scales. Therefore, since reality is made up of particles and waves it goes to say that reality is not fixed. Einstein (who understood such matters better than most) reacted to Heisenberg’s findings with disbelief and said, God does not play dice with the universe. Heisenberg responded saying, Einstein, don’t tell God what to do. Complexity and uncertainty is a fact of life. We must become comfortable with mystery and paradox if we desire to be intellectually honest with ourselves and others.

Biochemists may or may not ever be able to create new life in a test tube. This prospect is still science fiction even with 21st century technology. But if scientists do create new life in a lab, atheists will claim that this finally destroys intelligent design theory. This is because scientists believe that if they can create life in a lab, then it could have happened by itself in nature. However, keep in mind there were no biochemists on the earth 4 billion years ago.

Energy and the Eternal Questions

Even if scientists are able to create new life, it still will not answer any of the big questions. Why do unintelligent atoms organize themselves in these special ways? Why is there a universe instead of nothing? Why should the physical laws of the universe be calibrated in such a way to produce life? How did the universe come into existence? If everything is in flux and transient, what then is really real? And one of the biggest questions: Where did energy come from?

According to Einstein, the universe is basically energy. But what is energy? Energy is the intangible but perceptible force in the universe that is behind all causes. Proportionally speaking, an atom is more than 99 percent empty space but holds vast amounts of energy. Einstein believed that atoms are mostly energy and that when an atom’s nucleus is split, the energy which was holding it together will be released (energy = mass multiplied by the speed of light constant squared). The nuclear bomb dramatically proved he was right…

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