A Brief Intro to the Kalam Cosmological Argument
by Max Andrews
1.) Whatever begins to exist has a cause of its existence.
2.) The universe began to exist.
3.) Therefore, the universe has a cause of its existence.
Note that the primary argument is philosophical and mathematical. It’s not dependent on any particular cosmology; however, the leading model of cosmology and particle physics, the standard model (big bang), simply confirms the philosophy. The argument for premise 1 is that anything that begins to exist does so temporally, at some indexical moment of time. Because there is a difference between moments, an earlier or later than, there must be a cause to the thing which begins to exist, which determines its temporal existence. William Lane Craig offers two arguments for premise 2
‘Like’ The Poached Egg on Facebook! Follow @ThePoachedEgg
2.1 Argument based on the impossibility of an actual infinite
- 2.11 An actual infinite cannot exist
- 2.12 An infinite temporal regress of events is an actual infinite
- 2.13 Therefore, an infinite temporal regress of events cannot exist
2.2 Argument based on the impossibility of the formation of an actual infinite by successive addition
- 2.21 A collection formed by successive addition cannot be actually infinite
- 2.22 The temporal series of past events is a collection formed by successive addition
- 2.23 Therefore, the temporal series of past events cannot be actually infinite
Premise 3 follows necessarily if 1 and 2 are true and valid. So, what type of cause are we looking at? Let’s take a look at Aristotle’s causes…
FOLLOW THE LINK BELOW TO CONTINUE READING >>>
RECOMMENDED APOLOGETICS RESOURCES FOR FURTHER READING: