Apologetics 101: The Cosmological Argument and an Untamed God

by Matt Rawlings

We have seen that Princeton Professor Peter Steinhardt and others have argued the Big Bang Theory as commonly understood cannot be correct because matter could not arrange itself in such an orderly pattern as it did but the evidence is the evidence even if they don’t like where it leads.   Yet, they fear the philosophical implications for a beginning opens the door to the Kalaam Cosmological Argument, which, as set forth by William Lane Craig, is as follows:

1. Whatever begins to exist has a cause.

2. The universe began to exist.

3. Therefore, the universe has a cause.

The Kalam Cosmological Argument fits the best scientific evidence and strikes most people as the most practical.  After all, something does not come from nothing.

But many skeptics have objected to the Kalam Cosmological Argument by asserting that the cosmological argument does not prove a living, active, personal God.  After all, God could have died, become distant, etc. And, if everything that exists has a cause, what caused God?

But William Lane Craig counters that “A cause of space and time must be an uncaused, beginningless, timeless, spaceless, immaterial, personal being endowed with freedom of will and enormous power.” (see The Case for a Creator).  This makes perfect sense if you reflect on it.  After all, time is almost certainly a part of creation and an infinite cannot exist within time.

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In fact, this last point is another argument for a beginning point for the universe.  It is actually logically impossible for their to be an infinite past within a temporal dimension.  Here is the argument:

1. A collection formed by successive addition cannot be actually infinite.

2. The temporal series of past events is a collection formed by successive addition.

3. Therefore, the temporal series of past events cannot be actually infinite.

(see Craig’s book On Guard: Defending Your Faith with Reason and Precision).

But does a being outside of time have to be personal?   Again, Craig states, “The cause of the universe transcends time and space, it cannot be a physical reality. Instead, it must be nonphysical or immaterial. Well, there are only two types of things that can be timeless and immaterial. One would be abstract objects, like numbers or mathematical entities. However, abstract objects can’t cause anything to happen. The second kind of immaterial reality would be a mind. A mind can be cause, and so it makes sense that the universe is the product of an unembodied mind that brought it into existence…

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The Poached Egg ApologeticsApologetics 101: The Cosmological Argument and an Untamed God | Pastor Matt

 

RECOMMENDED APOLOGETICS RESOURCES FOR FURTHER READING:

The Case for a CreatorThe Case for a Creator: A Journalist Investigates Scientific Evidence That Points Toward God

On Guard: Defending Your Faith with Reason and PrecisionOn Guard: Defending Your Faith with Reason and Precision

 

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