Does God Exist?

Raleigh Area Baptist Campus Ministry

Q1. How have the stars contributed to our understanding of God’s existence?

Recall the cosmological argument for God’s existence:

1. Everything that begins to exist has a cause.

2. The universe began to exist.

3. Therefore, the universe has a cause (which we call God).

Our observations of the stars have provided support for premise #2. Specifically, in 1929 Edwin Hubble (the gentleman for whom the Hubble Space Telescope is named) published his findings that light from stars was shifted toward the “red” portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. This “red-shift” indicates that the stars are moving away from us and from each other. In tandem with the predictions of Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity, this finding produced what is now the majority position of the scientific community: instead of being static, the universe is actually expanding, like blowing up a balloon. Not only are the stars and galaxies moving apart in space, but even space-time itself is expanding. This suggests (by “running the movie in reverse”) that at one point, the entire universe was compressed into an infinitely hot, infinitely dense point called a singularity which contained not only the physical matter of the universe but space and time as well. By some agency, this singularity began to expand and this was the beginning of the universe per premise #2 above. This agent, then, is the cause of the universe, and we call this first cause “God.”

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Further Reading:

Bible: Ps. 19:1-3; Job 9:8.

The Illustrated A Brief History of Time (Hawking, Bantam:1996), 46-67.

Q2. If God caused the beginning of the universe (and space and time), what caused God?

Nothing.

God is simply Uncaused. To see why this is so, recall the cosmological argument for God’s existence:

1. Everything that begins to exist has a cause.

2. The universe began to exist.

3. Therefore, the universe has a cause (which we call God).

Notice premise #1 does not claim “Everything that exists has a cause,” but rather “everything that begins to exist has a cause.” As the creator of space and time, God necessarily existed apart from time and space prior to the beginning of the universe. Since God is outside of time, God is eternal and beginningless, and therefore has no (and requires no) moment of initiation. Thus, God is “uncaused.”

Viewed another way, there seem to be three choices and two are problematic. God is either caused by another agent, self-caused, or uncaused. If God were caused by another agent, THAT agent would be God and the question before us would remain. If God were self-caused, this would constitute a violation of the logical Law of Non-Contradiction (something cannot be A and non-A at the same moment and in the same respect) as it would require God to exist before He existed in order to make Himself begin to exist. This leaves one alternative: God is simply uncaused…

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The Poached Egg ApologeticsDoes God Exist? | Raleigh Area Baptist Campus Ministry

 

RECOMMENDED APOLOGETICS RESOURCES FOR FURTHER READING:

Reasonable Faith: Christian Truth and ApologeticsReasonable Faith (3rd Edition): Christian Truth and Apologetics

Philosophical Foundations for a Christian WorldviewPhilosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview

 

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