Abortion: It Is Her Body, It Is Her Choice?
By Prayson Daniel
Is it true that a woman’s body is her own business, and should not be a political issue? Should a woman be granted a right to decide whatever happens in and to her body?
This blog post explored the Bodily Autonomy Argument offered for abortion. Whether you are for or against abortion, it is my intention to persuade you that this argument is a failure by offering three just-so-stories, to show how unconvincing it is to any reasonable and morally unblind person.
I used a narrow definition of abortion in the post, viz., a deliberate act of removing a developing embryo or fetus (Latin: “little one”), without justified reason1 from the womb in a period before it is capable of independent survival.
The argument from woman autonomy commonly unfold as follows:
1. A woman has the right to decide what she can and can’t do in and to her body.
2. The fetus exists in a woman’s body.
3. A woman has the right to decide whether the fetus remains in her body.
4. Therefore a pregnant woman has the right to abort the fetus.
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Most of critiques found in literature gun against this argument tend to show that a fetus is not an extension of the woman’s body. Christopher Hitchens, for example, contended:
As a materialist, I think it has been demonstrated that an embryo is a separate body and entity, and not merely (as some really did used to argue) a growth on or in the female body. There used to be feminists who would say that it was more like an appendix or even—this was seriously maintained—a tumor. That nonsense seems to have stopped (Hitchens 2009, 378)
But let assume that a fetus is part of the woman’s body. Would it follow that a pregnant woman ought to have a right to choose what happen in and to her body? Is true that: “Abortion is a personal choice because you are talking about what a woman does with her body.”(Jordan 1992:8-9)? Consider these three special cases…
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