Science Agrees with the Bible: The Universe Began to Exist

by J Warner Wallace

If we are living in a universe with a beginning, the Principle of Causality points to a Creator God. Science is predicated on the causal relationships described in the Principle of Causality. Every effect has a cause; everything that begins, changes, is finite or limited has a cause. The universe, if it began to exist, is changing over time, and is not infinitely old, requires an adequate cause to explain its origin. The Cosmological Argument for God’s existence is grounded in the Principle of Causality:

(1) The Universe Began to Exist
(Confirmed by the scientific evidence)

(2) Anything That Has a Beginning Must Be Caused By Something Else
(Affirmed by the Principal of Causality)

(3) Therefore, the Universe Must Have a Cause
(Inferred from the Principal of Causality)

(4) The First Cause Must Be Eternal and Uncaused
(Declared by definition)

(5) The Cause is God
(Offered as the most reasonable uncaused first cause)

While several of these premises must be examined more completely, in today’s post, I’d like to review the classic evidence supporting the first claim: the universe began to exist. To understand the evidence, we can look in many places, but one of the clearest writers on the topic has been Robert Jastrow, an astrophysicist who established NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies in 1961. He was also the Director and Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the Mount Wilson Institute which manages the Mount Wilson Observatory. In his book, God and the Astronomers, he described the evidence and made the case for a finite universe with a beginning. These four simple evidences are easy to remember and articulate:

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The Second Law of Thermodynamics
This law (also known as the Law of Increased Entropy) recognizes the following: While the quantity of energy within a closed, isolated system (like the Universe) remains the same, the amount of usable energy deteriorates gradually over time. “Usable energy is inevitably used for productivity, growth and repair. In the process, usable energy is converted into unusable energy. Thus, usable energy is irretrievably lost in the form of unusable energy.”

Many of us have played with wind-up toys over the years. After toys of this nature are wound, there is a limited period of time in which we can enjoy them. Within a few seconds, wind-up toys slow down and stop; they run out of energy. Imagine walking into an empty room and discovering a wind-up toy sitting on the floor, still operating (unwinding). The discovery of this toy (and the fact it is still in the process of unwinding), would raise two reasonable inferences: (1) the toy was recently wound at a fixed point in the not-too-distant past, and (2) there was an adequate cause responsible for the initial winding. In other words, you would start looking for the “winder” somewhere in the room, given the fact the toy was still in the process of unwinding. We happen to be living in a “wind-up” universe slowly losing its usable energy. If the universe had no beginning and was infinitely old, why would there be any usable energy still available to us? The fact there is still usable energy in the universe points to a beginning in which the universe was tightly wound, and causes us to look for the cause responsible for such winding…

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