Four Essentials of Science Apologetics

By Dr. Jeff Zweerink

One of our goals at Reasons to Believe is to equip Christians to defend their faith with “gentleness and respect” per 1 Peter 3:15. In our emotionally charged culture, making a persuasive case for something as controversial as Christianity is easier said than done—but it can be done. Such a case rests on sound arguments rather than emotional manipulation, especially in the realm of science apologetics. But how do you gently persuade someone to accept your argument? In my experience as an apologist, I have found at least four essential elements that play a critical role in effective persuasion.

1. Credibility

Are you believable? In my opinion, credibility is an apologist’s most valuable resource. Without it, why would anyone listen to you? Misunderstanding of the basic facts relevant to your topic, overstating your case, and making errors in areas not related directly to your main point are all mistakes that can lead to a loss of credibility.

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To build credibility, start with a sound argument. Understand the strengths and weaknesses of your argument. Being able to anticipate opposing responses will demonstrate your ability to cope with the nuance and sophistication of the issue at hand. Make sure that what you say is true! It is better to admit when you don’t have an adequate response than to fabricate a faulty defense in an effort to save face. You can always commit to deeper study of the issue that stumped you and offer to continue the discussion later.

2. Clarity

Can your opponent or audience easily perceive, understand, or interpret your argument? There’s a huge difference between knowing a strong argument and communicating it clearly to others. Once you understand your argument you must work diligently to find the right words, analogies, images and/or stories to help your audience understand it, too. Articulate your point in different ways and contrast it with opposing views. Avoid using jargon or any other language that requires “insider” knowledge…


Reasons To Believe : Four Essentials of Science Apologetics