Is Our Universe Simply the Winner of a Universe Lottery?

Truthbomb Apologetics

One formulation of the design argument for God’s existence is as follows:

1. The fine-tuning of the universe is due to either physical necessity, chance, or design.
2. It is not due to physical necessity or chance.
3. Therefore, it is due to design.

Sometimes skeptics will offer a lottery example in order to justify the chance alternative.  In his book On Guard, William Lane Craig illustrates how this claim might sound:

“In a lottery where all the tickets are sold, it’s fantastically improbable that any one person should win, yet somebody has to win!  It would be unjustified for the winner, whoever he may be, to say, ‘The odds against my winning were twenty million to one.  And yet I won!  The lottery must have been rigged!’

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In the same way, they say, some universe out of the range of possible universes has to exist.  The winner of the universe lottery would also be unjustified to think that because his universe exists, this must have been the result of design, not chance.  All the universes are equally improbable, but one of them, by chance, has to win.” [1]

Dr. Craig goes on to explain why the above analogy betrays a misunderstanding of the design argument:

“Contrary to popular impression, the argument for design is not trying to explain why this particular universe exists.  Rather, it’s trying to explain why a life-permitting universe exists.  The lottery analogy was misconceived because it focused on why a particular person won…

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Truthbomb Apologetics: Is Our Universe Simply the Winner of a Universe Lottery?