The Inherent Bias in Science

by Lenny Esposito

Last week, I wrote about an online conversation I had with an atheist who accused me of making a God of the gaps type argument for the origin of life, even though all the observational evidence across humanity’s history demonstrates that life comes from life. He claimed that “Science may well provide an answer to the origin of life in the future,” whereby he commits the very fallacy he accused me of committing. While not appealing to a God of the gaps, he is certainly appealing to “science of the gaps.”

In our engagement, I asked for some justification for such an unwarranted claim. He leaned on this explanation:

Apocryphally, Edison learned 999 “wrong” ways to make a light bulb in in the process of finding 1 “right” way. (Was he ever really wrong?) Obviously, science has proposed wrong explanations many times as it approaches the truth. The more pertinent inquiry would be “Are there any cases where science has settled on an explanation only to be proven wrong by a theistic explanation?” Because the reverse admits of many, easy historical examples.

His reasoning is misleading in many ways. First, there’s a significant difference between a single research project, such as Edison’s testing of different material for light bulb filaments versus the assumption that science can answer every question of origins. That’s a simple category error. By using Edison as an example, and then saying that the entire discipline of science is functioning in the same way, he has equivocated how an experiment works with how a consensus is built.

Not Counting Wrong Conclusions

In fact, accepting new scientific conclusions works in a much different way than Edison’s trial-and-error approach. In his book The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, Thomas Kuhn has demonstrated that science isn’t the incremental set of discoveries most think it is. When one really studies the history of scientific discovery, one finds the personal beliefs and biases of scientists themselves color their investigations…

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