Three Intractable Problems for Atheism
by Lenny Esposito
Is science doing real work while people who posit a creator are being intellectually lazy? That’s what atheists like Richard Dawkins would have you believe. In an interview with the Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences at the University of Connecticut, Dawkins claimed pointing to an intelligent designer is “a cowardly evasion, it’s lazy. What we should be doing as scientists is rolling up our sleeves and saying, right, Darwin solved the big problem. Now let’s take that as encouragement to solve the other big problems, like the origin of life and the origin of the cosmos.”1
Is Dawkins right? In fact, he has the whole thing backwards. Darwin had the easier time constructing his evolutionary model because he didn’t have the details to worry about. Scientists in Darwin’s day didn’t know about the complex structures of DNA or how the telltale evidence of the Big Bang proves the universe must’ve come into existence at a specific point in the past. Darwin could sluff over the biology. However atheists today don’t have that luxury.
1. What Started the Universe?
The first problem is the most fundamental. Why does our universe exit? Why should it be here at all? Usually when bringing up this issue, you will hear people retreat to talk of the Big Bangs and quantum vacuums. But both of those things assume what is being asked.
You cannot have a bang unless there is something to go bang and something else to trigger the bang. If before the Big Bang there is nothing, then nothing cannot bang. Quantum vacuums, which have become the easy excuse in trying to solve this problem, are not nothing either. As I’ve explained before, these fluctuations have attributes and potentials. The fact that they fluctuate means they are in time and they have energy states. Just as an idea isn’t nothing, to define quantum states as nothing is to misunderstand what nothing is. Out of nothing nothing comes is foundational to all scientific studies. If you give up on that, you’re not doing science any more.
So, instead of starting with nothing, maybe we assume the thing that banged is the eternal thing. But if the singularity that banged existed from all eternity, then why didn’t it bang earlier than when it did? We know the universe is using up its energy, so we know that it’s only been around a limited amount of time. Why? What was that thing that changed to make the singularity explode into the universe we see? What ever it was that changed, it certainly wasn’t nothing, because if nothing changed, then the universe would never have come to be.
2. What Started Life?
In 2011, John Horgan wrote an article for the Scientific American web site entitled “Pssst! Don’t tell the creationists, but scientists don’t have a clue how life began.” There, Horgan explains how the search to understand the origin of life from nonliving chemicals has given science exactly zero answers.2 The problems are legion…
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