Has Archaeology Proven the Gospel of John?
by Lenny Esposito
Charisma News published a web article last week with the bold headline “Pool Where Jesus Healed a Blind Man Discovered, Proves Gospel of John Is True.” It opens with the claim “Archaeological evidence now proves the Gospel of John is true,” then references both Eric Metaxas and a Los Angeles Times article that quoted Princeton New Testament scholar James H. Charlesworth. The claim is irresponsible.
Before we go too far, let me first say that the discovery of the pool of Slioam is a significant find for biblical archaeology. Discovered in 2004, it offers additional evidence that the author of John’s gospel had first-hand knowledge of the city of Jerusalem, just as the discovery of the pool of Bethsaida (the setting of the healing in John 5) was found with its five porticoes, just as John described them. Since the 5th century, Christians had thought Siloam was the outlet of Hezekiah’s tunnel, but this discovery shows a much larger, grander pool, according to the Biblical Archaeological Society.1 As Charlesworth stated in a Los Angeles Times interview which was cited by Charisma News, “Scholars have said that there wasn’t a Pool of Siloam and that John was using a religious conceit… Now we have found the Pool of Siloam … exactly where John said it was.”2
Both Metaxas in his commentary and Charlesworth are correct to say the discovery lends credence to the level of historical reliability the Gospel of John holds. But that is a completely different claim than the one leading the Charisma News article. Both the article and the headline trumpeted “Archaeological evidence now proves the Gospel of John is true.” Proves? It proves the truth of the entire Gospel? That’s a troubling oversimplification that is actually dangerous to the message of the Gospel, as we can see by looking at a parallel story in the Los Angeles Times…
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