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by Claudia Kalmikov
As a Christian, the thought of my life without God in it is horrifying. A life without God would mean there would be no transcendent being who is good that I can rely on, who cares about the details of my life, who gives me purpose or that loves me. The idea that an atheist lives with this worldview everyday saddens me. Fortunately, the atheist is wrong. There are many arguments in favor of the existence of God. In this essay, I will present two of those arguments and prove why belief in God is a rational position.
The Kalam Cosmological Argument
The Kalam Cosmological Argument was started by a medieval Christian named Philoponus and was developed by Muslims. Apologists and philosophers William Lane Craig and J.P. Moreland made it popular. The argument has three premises. The first is that whatever begins to exist has a cause. The second is that the universe began to exist. Therefore, the universe has a cause. Christian apologist and philosopher William Lane Craig, asserts, “To suggest that things could just pop into being uncaused out of nothing is to quit doing serious metaphysics and to resort to magic. If prior to the existence of the universe, there was absolutely nothing—no God, no space, no time—how could the universe possibly have come to exist?”
Carl Sagan thinks the universe always existed. He said, “The cosmos is all that is, or ever was, or ever will be.” This is simply not true. Authors Norman Geisler and Ronald Brooks point out, “One of the main evidences for the universe having a beginning is the second law of thermodynamics, which says that the universe is running out of usable energy. But if it is running down, then it could not be eternal. What is winding down must have been wound up.” So the question is then, who wound it up? The creator would have to be someone who is intelligent, transcendent, and not subject to time or the universe. Someone outside it who freely chose to create the universe in time. The creator would have to be the first cause. Uncreated in order to avoid an infinite search backward (infinite regress) for its cause. That would mean the creator is a supernatural being, God.
The Moral Argument
The moral argument is one of the arguments for the existence of God that has long been debated between naturalists and theists. The argument goes like this. 1) If God does not exist, objective moral values and duties do not exist. 2) Objective moral values and duties do exist. 3) Therefore, God exists.
A naturalist is one who doesn’t believe in the existence of God but believes that nature is all there is and ever was and ever will be. The argument that the naturalist makes is that moral law is subjective and comes from our social culture. Morals are a personal preference. This argument falls short…
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