Why Believing in Miracles is Not Illogical

by Lenny Esposito

When Christians believe in miracles, are they being irrational? A recent Pew Research article entitled “Why America’s ‘nones’ left religion behind” held this interesting quote:

About half of current religious “nones” who were raised in a religion (49%) indicate that a lack of belief led them to move away from religion. This includes many respondents who mention “science” as the reason they do not believe in religious teachings, including one who said “I’m a scientist now, and I don’t believe in miracles.” Others reference “common sense,” “logic” or a “lack of evidence” – or simply say they do not believe in God.1

There’s a whole lot in that paragraph to unpack. However, the claim that faith is somehow against logic caught my eye. Just how would Christianity be illogical? One claim made by atheists is that believing in miracle accounts like those presented in the Bible is itself illogical.

The charge that believing in miracles is illogical as a long history, and most will point to David Hume’s famous essay “On Miracles” in his An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding. There, he makes this charge:

A miracle is a violation of the laws of nature. There must, therefore, be a uniform experience against every miraculous event, otherwise the event would not merit that appellation. And as a uniform experience amounts to a proof, there is here a direct and full proof, from the nature of the fact, against the existence of any miracle.2

What is a Miracle?

I think Hume makes two mistakes in his assertion above. First, his definition of a miracle, while widely repeated, is simply wrong. It isn’t what Christians believe. Miracles are not violations of the laws of nature, but God’s direct interaction to suspend his natural laws, which is a big difference.
To clarify, one must understand what we mean when we use the term natural law to begin with…

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Why Believing in Miracles is Not Illogical | Come Reason’s Apologetics Notes