A Biblical Look at Apologetics

by Rob Lundberg

Not too long ago there was a running thread on my Facebook wall about being dumbfounded about why Christians see apologetics as an unnecessary discipline in the Christian life and witness. That posting created what I call “blog fodder” which is now prompting me write this post after about a week of study, and research.  So what I would like to present here is a biblical understanding of apologetics from 1 Peter 3:15 and how it relates to contemporary evangelism.

This posting is going to address the definition of apologetics rooting it firmly as a spiritual discipline indispensable to and indivisible from evangelism in a post-Christian America. 
This is going to be a two part presentation, where in the second part, I am going to bring in how we are to engage in apologetics. 

Defining Apologetics

Someone once said that “The trouble with most theologians is that they go down deeper, stay down longer and come up murkier than anyone else I know.”  Apologetics is not about injecting a dose of confusion into the Christian gospel to try and make it sound more profound. Apologetics is about communicating the profundity of the gospel so that it removes the confusion surrounding it.

Apologetics, in its primary sense, is really about evangelism. The word apologetics comes from the Greek word “apologia”, which literally means a reasoned or rational defense.

Paul uses the word to describe his own ministry. In Philippians 1:7, he states that he is “appointed for the defense and confirmation of the Gospel.”

In 1 Peter a command is given that we should “always be prepared to give an answer (apologia) for the reason for the hope” that we have. For both Apostles, Peter and Paul, they are clearly thinking of evangelism in these contexts.  If we look at the context (the setting) in which this letter is penned, we can see first that…


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