An Introduction to the Cosmological Argument
by Forest Antemesaris
Apologetics, or defending the faith, is something every Christian should be involved in (1 Pet. 3:15). While we’ve written extensively on apologetics on 1st Century Faith Today, we have long neglected descriptions of foundational concepts. We are beginning our crash course in apologetics by examining one of the “Big Three” apologetic arguments: the cosmological argument.
Definitions and History
The cosmological argument is so called because it is an argument (logos) for the existence of God by observing the universe (cosmos). The cosmological argument is often credited to Aristotle, and later Thomas Aquinas. The concept is seen (though not very developed) in Hebrews 3:4.
The cosmological argument is closely related to the concept of cause and effect. In short, the cosmological argument can be outlined as follows:
1. Every effect must have an adequate or simultaneous cause (the law of causality).
2. The universe is an effect which demands an adequate or simultaneous cause.
3. God (understood as a transcendent creator) is this adequate cause.
In this way, the cosmological argument works from the observable universe backward. The question which the cosmological argument seeks to answer is, “what caused the massive effect of what we see as the universe?” The answer can logically be shown to be a supernatural first cause…
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