Why is there something rather than Nothing? Leibniz’s Cosmological Argument
by John Dunfee
Why does the Universe Exist?
Why Do we exist?
Do we exist contingently or necessarily?
What is the explanation of our existence?
Is God the explanation for the existence of the Universe?
These questions are addressed in Leibniz’s cosmological Argument which is an argument that shows that God would have to be the explanation of the Universe. We can put Leibniz’s argument into five premises which shows that God is the best explanation of the Universe.
Premise 1: Everything that exists has an explanation of Its existence.
Premise 2: If the universe has an explanation of its existence, that explanation is God.
Premise 3: The Universe Exists
Premise 4: The Universe has an explanation of its existence.
Premise 5: Therefore, the explanation of the universes existence is God.
Everything that exists has explanation of its existence because otherwise science wouldn’t be possible because science look’s to explain why and how things exist. It looks to explain things and discover why reality is the way it is. If you deny premise one then you deny the scientific process, but I think most people agree with this premise.
There can be two kinds of explanations for the existence of something. Whether in the necessity of its own nature or contingent(necessary) upon something else. When someone poses the question “Well if everything has an explanation for its existence, then what is God’s explanation?”
God’s explanation would be in the necessity of his own nature since God by definition is unchanging, timeless, space less, immaterial, etc. God isn’t contingent upon something else and it’s not special pleading since atheists typically have said that as the universe is necessary. This is where premise two comes in where we show that the explanation of the universe must be grounded in a necessary being like God…
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