Using the Kalam Cosmological Argument…the WHAT?
by Tony Vance
(I’ve got a fascination with Natural Theology and how it can be used to argue for the existence of God. For the next few weeks I will be exploring many of these arguments and how we, even HillBilly Theologians, can use it to make good arguments for the existence of God.)
I think one of the clearest and simple arguments for the existence of God in Natural Theology is the Kalam Cosmological Argument (hereafter KCA). Natural Theology is one branch of theology that relates to understanding God, or that there is a God. It is using the ‘world’ (actually- the entire Universe) around us, and showing how it points to God. A good definition is:
“Traditionally natural theology is the term used for the attempt to prove the existence of God and divine purpose through observation of nature and the use of human reason. Seen in a more positive light natural theology is the part of theology that does not depend on revelation.”î
Natural theology uses various types of arguments, such as cosmological ones. Philosophers and theologians have argued various cosmological arguments, such as; Aristotle’s ‘Unmoved Mover’, Anselm’s (he had various arguments from goodness, works from perfection, and Perfect Being-type theology), and Aquinas’ Five Ways, to name a few. The great philosophers of the past two thousand years of the Church’s existence have offered deep thinking ideas for God’s existence (and here we are dealing with only cosmological), the list can go on and on, in other forms of arguments for God’s existence.
The KCA is unique and again one reason I find it so appealing is its simplicity. It can be formulated as such:
1. Everything that begins to exist has a cause
2. The Universe began to exist
3. The Universe had a cause
This argument has a long history that spans both Christian and Islamic scholarship. It should be noted that it is only a theistic argument, bringing someone to the idea of God…
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