by Bill Pratt
Christians believe that a supernatural being can be reasoned to by working backward from effect to cause. We observe ourselves and we observe the world around us (those are the effects) and we reason that a supernatural cause is the best explanation for the things we observe. This is how almost all arguments for God’s existence work.
Science can shed additional light on what we observe in the world around us, so in that sense science can be employed in arguments for God’s existence. For example, science seems to have shown that and that the physical laws and constants that govern the universe are fine tuned for advanced life. Both of these scientific finds are often used in arguments for God’s existence.
Those who hold a naturalistic worldview (the natural world is all that exists) seem to be divided on this subject. Some naturalists deny that science can ever be used to test the existence of God and others affirm that science can test for the supernatural and that those tests have all turned out negative. Still others…